Botanically called Chrysophyllum albidum, African star apple belongs to the Sapotaceae family.
The fruits are sub-spherical in shape, about 3cm in diameter, usually 5-celled and contain an edible, sweet fruit-pulp. The skin or peel, is orange to golden yellow when ripe and the pulp within the peel may be orange, pinkish, or light yellow, and within the pulp are at least five seeds, which are not usually eaten.
The fleshy pulp is eaten especially as snack and it has been found to have high contents of ascorbic acid and is also reported as an excellent source of vitamins, irons, flavours to diets.
In Southwestern Nigeria, the fruit is called agbalumo and popularly referred to as Udara in the Southeast of Nigeria. Agbalumo’s skin is rich in latex, and its seeds are light brown and hard.
The fruit is said to contain a hundred times more vitamin C than oranges, and ten times that of guava and is common during the months of December to April.
The fruit pulp is rich in vitamin C and iron and an excellent source of raw material for industries. Tannins, flavonoids, terpenoids, proteins, carbohydrates and resins are the phytochemicals that have been reported in it.